林则徐家训中的修身齐家思想

百利沙抗癌健康

2018-06-13

林则徐家训中的修身齐家思想

Currentlyonafour-nationtourofEurope,JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbeisseekingthesupportofEuropeancountriesinhisbidtogettheSouthChinaSeadisputesontheagendafortheG7summit,tobeheldinItalyinMay.GiventhatneitherJapannoranyEuropeancountriesaredirectlyinvolvedinthemaritimedisputesintheSouthChinaSea,Abeisshowinghisdesiretomeddleintheissueforhisownends.ThisisnotthefirsttimethatAbehastriedtohijacktheG7agendaandsoughttointernationalizetheSouthChinaSeadisputestoservehisulteriorpoliticalpurposes.AbehasbeenrelentlesslypushingtogetJapandeeplyinvolvedintheSouthChinaSeadisputestojustifyhiscountry"sbiggermilitarypresenceintheinternationalarena.DaysbeforeAbeembarkedonhisEuropeantour,itwasreportedthatJapanwilldispatchtheIzumo-classhelicoptercarrier,itslargestwarship,totheSouthChinaSea.The249-metervesselisduetomakestopsinSingapore,Indonesia,thePhilippinesandSriLankabeforeparticipatinginajointnavalexercisewithIndianandUSnavalvesselsintheIndianOceaninJuly.ThiswillbeJapan"sbiggestshowofnavalforceintheregionsinceWorldWarII.Foracountrythathasneversincerelyowneduptoitsmilitaristpast,suchanopenandhigh-profiledisplayofforceisitselfalarming,withoutmentioningitsintendedpurposeofmeddlinginthesovereigntydisputestowhichitisnotaparty.Japan"sinterferencecomesatatimewhentheSouthChinaSeadisputeshaveshownclearsignsofabatingthankstotherecenteffortsofthepartiesdirectlyinvolved,andwhenChinaisnegotiatingaframeworkforacodeofconductwithSoutheastAsiancountries,whichwillpavethewayforbuildingpeaceandstabilityinthewaters.Abe"smeddlingintheissue,atthisimportantstage,laysbarehisintentionofplayinguptheissueandcreatingtroubleforChina.Andhewillnodoubtwanttokeephypinguptheissuetodistracttheattentionofthoseathomefromthelandscandalinwhichheandhiswifehavebecomeembroiled.YetwhileitmaysuitAbetoplayuptheSouthChinaSeaissue,heshouldbeawarethemorehedoes,themorepeopleintheregionwillnotdeemJapantobearesponsiblecountry,animageJapanhastoestablishinthefirstplaceifitwantstobetreatedasanormalcountry.

林则徐家训中的修身齐家思想

  林则徐是伟大的民族英雄,还是清朝官员中讲究廉洁自律、注重修身齐家、培养良好家风的典范。  “苟利国家生死以,岂因祸福避趋之”  2013年3月习近平总书记在中央党校建校80周年庆祝大会的讲话中,在讲到“中国传统文化博大精深,学习和掌握其中的各种思想精华,对树立正确的世界观、人生观、价值观很有益处”时,特意提到了林则徐“苟利国家生死以,岂因祸福避趋之”的报国情怀。2014年10月在文艺工作座谈会上的讲话中讲到“拥有家国情怀的作品,最能感召中华儿女团结奋斗”时,再次提到林则徐这两句诗。这两句诗出自林则徐被发配新疆即将登程时写给家人的诗《赴戍登程口占示家人》。道光帝把英国发动鸦片战争侵略中国归咎于林则徐“禁烟操之过激”,下令把他革职并发配到新疆伊犁,林则徐的门生、家人及一些大臣纷纷为他抱不平,但他自己襟怀坦荡,“绝无斯些懊丧气”,登程前口占此诗。此后他经常吟诵这两句诗。这两句诗反映了林则徐以身许国、不计个人利害的高尚爱国主义情怀,可以说是他一生的座右铭,后人认为“迹其生平,无愧斯语”。  林则徐之所以有如此宽广的胸怀,还与他无欲则刚的修身齐家思想密切相关。他曾在一首诗里写道:“有欲刚则无,此际伏病根。”他在官署题联“海纳百川,有容乃大;壁立千仞,无欲则刚”,这也是他的座右铭之一。可以说,他一生的事业和操行,都是建立在这一思想基础上的。廉洁自律,保持清白家风  林则徐继承父亲林宾日“不妄取一文”的优秀品德,自己虽然做官几十年,位至总督,手中掌握着大量资源,但他廉洁自律,一直过着俭朴的生活,绝不贪贿。他到广东主持禁烟,打交道最多的一是商人,二是官场,由于广州是当时全国唯一的对外贸易口岸,中外贸易垄断在政府特许的行商手中,因而行商富足,生活奢靡,官场则是贪贿成风,而广州生活成本高昂,“开支甚巨,恒虑入不敷出”,但他“自矢清廉,决不敢于俸禄而外妄取民间或下僚分毫”。他在给夫人的信中坦承心迹说:“吾林氏素代清白,此种污手之钱决不要一文也。”。